Approaches to tree-planting
Every project is different and requires its own individual strategy. Our basic guidelines for planting trees are as follows: we don’t plant any monocultures, we don’t use any pesticides, and 90% of the trees we plant have to be species that are native to the area.
Native trees are strongly preferred; but where it makes sense we usually leave room for up to 10% exotic species. The 10% non-native species have to benefit the area in another way, for example, by providing a source of food, but we always exclude exotic species that are invasive.
When planting trees, we need to make sure the new forest ecosystem can function properly. Ecosia only plants trees in deforested areas where historically there have been trees.
Landscape Approach. Ecosia uses an integrated landscape approach that supports nature and people by building corridors, capturing water or changing the local climate positively. We make sure planting trees works in a wider sense and that the activities we support do not stand in isolation.
Agroforestry systems. By using agroforestry techniques, trees help support the growth of fresh fruit and vegetables which provide a source of both food and income for local communities. Trees contribute to the regeneration of degraded soil and enable people to thrive within the natural ecosystem, as seen at our project in Senegal.
Natural Regeneration. Believe it or not, planting is not always the best way to get trees back! We also support other methods, such as sowing or Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR), which are often cheaper and more effective.